Sir EDMUND HILLARY was born on Jul 20, 1919 at Tuakau, New Zealand. His interest in mountaineering developed after a school trip aged sixteen. After finishing school he became a bee keeper, a summer job which he combined with winter climbing.
His first major climb was Mount Olivier in the Southern Alps of New Zealand in 1939, and latter on he conquered the top of world.
Edmund hillary EARLY AGE –
He studied math and science at the University of Auckland, but he also joined outdoor clubs, which fostered his interest in climbing and holistic health. Despite conscientious objections,During World War 2, Hillary was a navigator in the Air Force. he eventually joined the Royal New Zealand Air Force during World War II, and as a result suffered a serious burn in a boat accident.
However, Hillary was determined to climb Mount Everest, the world’s highest peak, so he returned to his love of mountain climbing after the war and proved the world that nothing is impossible and conquered the giant.
Condition on Everest –
With a peak elevation of 29,035 feet (8850 meters), the top of Mount Everest is the world’s highest point above sea level. located in the Himalaya, the 1500 mile (2414 kilometer) long mountain system that was formed because of Indo-Australian plate which crashed into the Eurasian plate.
The peak of Mount Everest has three somewhat flat sides; which looks like three sides of pyramid. Glaciers and ice cover the sides of the mountain.
In July, temperatures can get as high as nearly zero degrees Fahrenheit (about -18 Celsius). In January, temperatures drop to as low as -76°F (-60°C)
The most important problem at this altitudes is Oxygen level. Which is so mere to sustain. conditions like extreme cold, hurricane-force winds,storms etc are very often and its unpredictable
The Start –
Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay(Sherpa) were part of the British Everest Expedition, 1953, led by Colonel John Hunt. Hunt selected the team of experienced climbers from all around the British Empire. A team of 36 sherpas were also their to assist them.
Among the eleven chosen climbers, Edmund Hillary was selected as a climber from New Zealand and Tenzing Norgay, though born a Sherpa, was recruited from his home in India. Also along for the trip was a filmmaker to document their progress and a writer for The Times, both were there in the hopes of documenting a successful climb to the summit. Very importantly, a physiologist rounded out the team.
After months of planning and organizing, the expedition began to climb. During the climb, the team established nine camps, some of which are still used by climbers today.
Out of all the climbers on the expedition, only four would get a chance to make an attempt to reach the summit. Hunt, the team leader, selected two teams of climbers. The first team consisted of Tom Bourdillon and Charles Evans and the second team consisted of Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay.
The first team left on May 26, 1953 to reach the summit of Mt. Everest. Although the two men made it up to about 300 feet shy of the summit, the highest any human had yet reached, they were forced to turn back after bad weather set in as well as a fall and problems with their oxygen tanks.
At 4 a.m. on May 29, 1953, Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay awoke in camp nine and prepared themselves for their climb. Hillary discovered that his boots had frozen and thus spent two hours defrosting them. The two men left camp at 6:30 a.m. During their climb, they came upon one particularly difficult rock face, but Hillary found a way to climb it. This rock face is known as “Hillary’s Step”.
At 11:30 a.m., Hillary and Tenzing reached the summit of Mount Everest. Hillary reached out to shake Tenzing’s hand, but Tenzing gave him a hug in return. The two men enjoyed only 15 minutes at the top of the world because of their low air supply. They spent their time taking photographs, taking in the view, placing a food offering (Tenzing), and looking for any sign that the missing climbers from 1924 have tried before them (they didn’t find any).
For those 15 minutes, Hillary and Norgay were at 29,028 feet above sea level, higher than anywhere else on Earth.
A lifelong friend of Hillary’s, George Lowe, met them with hot soup when they came down and Hillary told him,
“Well, George, we knocked the bastard off.”
Other Accomplishments –
Having achieved international fame as the first to climb Mount Everest, Hillary took up exploration. He reached the South Pole by tractor on January 4, 1958, as leader of the New Zealand division of the Commonwealth Trans-Antarctic Expedition. He was also among the first to scale Mount Herschel in the Antarctic expedition.
In the 1960s he returned to the Himalayas to help build schools and health facilities for the sherpas of Nepal. In 1978 he led an expedition up the Ganges River and, six years later, he became New Zealand’s High Commissioner to India.
Hillary also traversed the wild rivers of Nepal on a jetboat in 1968. He did the same up the Ganges, from its mouth to its source in the Himalayas, in 1977. In 1985, Hillary and astronaut Neil Armstrong flew a small twin-engine plane to the North Pole, making Hillary the first person to stand at both poles and the summit of Everest, also known as the “third pole.”
Despite a multitude of honours and accolades, including membership of the Order of New Zealand, honorary citizenship of Nepal, and a portrait on New Zealand’s five-dollar note, Hillary remained humble about his achievements right up until his death. He remains one of New Zealand’s most loved national figures because of his Legendary Life.
Edmund Hillary Death –
On January 11, 2008, at the age of 88, Hillary died of heart failure at the Auckland City Hospital at about 9 a.m.
A large state funeral was held in his honor at Holy Trinity Cathedral, and the country of New Zealand mourned their deceased adventurer climber.
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