Why are sherpas superhumans::
Sherpas are an well-known group of people from the most mountainous region of Nepal region , the Himalayas. The Sherpas are famous for being highly skilled mountain guides and climbers, they are extremely hardy and they are used to living in extreme weather conditions.
What makes They are so good at climbing into the wispy atmosphere of the world’s tallest mountains?
But while they are admired for the ease with which they deal with the physical challenges of scaling some of the world’s biggest peaks, the biological reasons for their mountain-climbing prowess have remained unknown — until now
They have evolved to become superhuman mountain climbers, extremely efficient at producing the energy to power their bodies are so nicely adapted to the environment and weather conditions that even when oxygen is scarce, suggests new.
In the finding comes from research by a team led by scientists from the University of Cambridge. Researchers found Sherpas demonstrated a lower capacity for fatty acid oxidation in skeletal muscles, along with more efficient use of oxygen, improved muscle energetics, and protection against oxidative stress.
The researchers also found that even at baseline, the Sherpas’ mitochondria were more efficient at using oxygen to produce ATP, the energy that powers our bodies.They have spent thousands of years living at high altitudes, so it should be unsurprising that they have adapted to become more efficient at using oxygen and generating energy,”
Also Previous studies have suggested differences between Sherpas and people
Living in non-high altitude areas, known collectively as lowlanders, including fewer red blood cells in Sherpas at altitude, but higher levels of nitric oxide, a chemical that opens up blood vessels and keeps blood flowing.
In conclusion, They indeed seem better adapted to life and work at high altitude, and this superior adaptation may very well be inborn,.
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